When you wear the flexible NuvaRing in your vagina, it releases synthetic hormones locally. These hormones work the same way as the hormones in a regular contraceptive pill: they trick the body into thinking ovulation has already taken place so it will not release an egg. At the same time the mucus in the womb is thickened, making it harder for sperm to reach the egg, while at the same time the womb lining is altered so an egg may not settle there as easily as it normally would.
NuvaRing offers triple protection: suppresses ovulation, preventing the implantation of the egg and sperm penetration becomes more difficult in the uterus.
What is the difference between NuvaRing and the contraception pill?
Unlike when you use the pill, you don’t have to remember your birth control every day when you use the NuvaRing. The ring stays in your vagina for three weeks, after which you take it out and throw it away. After a ring-free week in which menstruation can occur, you start with a new NuvaRing and continue your routine. The NuvaRing is about 2 inches in diameter.
Contraindications for using the NuvaRing
You should not use the NuvaRing if you:
• have or had thrombosis or embolism
• ever had a stroke or heart attack or evidence that you have the first signs of a heart attack
• have a disease which affects blood clotting
• suffer from very severe migraine with neurological consequences
• have diabetes with vascular pathology
• are allergic to one or more of the components of NuvaRing
• are pregnant or breastfeeding
• have problems with the pancreas
• suffer from severe liver disease
• have unexplained vaginal bleeding
Even if one of the conditions above occurs if you are already using the NuvaRing, you should immediately stop using the ring and consult a doctor.
Side effects of the NuvaRing
Although the NuvaRing is considered a low-dose hormonal contraceptive, side effects may also occur here. Examples of side effects are:
• Discomfort in the vagina
• Weight gain
• Emotional lability
• Abdominal pain
• Problems with the ring