Metformin is a drug that belongs to the group of biguanides. It is used by people who suffer from diabetes. When you have diabetes, your body has problems controlling your blood suger levels. Both too low and too high blood sugar can cause serious problems, you should therefore always be aware of the warning signs and use your medication properly.
Used for treating: diabetes type 2 (non-insulin dependent diabetes).
Tablets: take one tablet two or three times a day.
Important: always have regular medical reviews of your diabetes.
The difference between Diabetes type 1 and Diabetes type 2
There are two types of diabetes, referred to as type 1 and type 2. Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1 diabetes, 90% of all adults with diabetes have type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce any insulin at all. Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body does not produce sufficient insulin to function properly.
How do Metformin tablets work?
Metformin helps controlling the blood sugar levels in your body by suppressing glucose production by the liver. As levels vary both from one person to the next as well as over time, it is important you regularly check your blood sugar levels.
Metformin is the only antidiabetic drug that has been conclusively shown to prevent the cardiovascular complications of diabetes. Metformin is the antidiabetic of choice for many patients and has been recognised by the WHO as being an essential medicine.
Metformin tablets side effects
Metformin causes few side effects. Yet 10% of users have reported gastrointestinal problems such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain or loss of appetite. These problems may be prevented by taking Metformin hydrochloride during or after a meal
You may not use Metformin when you
are about to have a procedure under general anaesthesia
are allergic or sensitive to or have had a reaction to any of the ingredients in the medicine
have a condition which may alter your kidney function such as dehydration or an infection
have a condition which may cause a low level of oxygen in the blood such as breathing problems
have ketoacidosis or are at risk of going into a coma
have kidney, liver or heart problems
have risk factors for lactic acidosis such as diabetes which is uncontrolled, ketosis, prolonged fasting or drinking alcohol heavily
Warning: You may not use Metformin when you are a heavy drinker or while intoxicated. The use of any alcohol while taking Metformin is contraindicated.
Warning: You may not use Metformin when you are pregnant or breastfeeding.
Included in the price:
Metformin interacts with the following types of medication
iodinated contrast media
Metformin may also interact with Vitamin B12. Always list any medications you use on the medical questionnaire