Headache is perhaps the most common health complaint. There are many different types of headaches such as tension headache, cluster headache, sinus headache and migraine. Some headaches may be treated with a good night's sleep or sufficient fluid intake. Others require medical treatment, but most are very treatable, painkillers such as Diclofenac and Ibuprofen can offer relief.
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We distinguish between primary and secondary headaches: in the first category the headache itself is the complaint while in the second category the headache is a result of something else. Knowing where your headaches come from may prove very valuable in its treatment.
Tension headaches are caused by -hence the name- tension, usually in the form of stress, but they may also be caused by anxiety or fatique. Missing meals or a lack of exercise and fresh air can also contribute to tension headache. Tension headaches may last anywhere between half an hour and several days. Drugs like Ibuprofen may relieve the pain and allow you to go on with your daily life.
Cluster headaches are excruciating attacks of pain, mostly on one side of the head behind the eye. They are the most painful type of headache, even more so than the migraine. The name ‘cluster’ comes from the fact that they seem to occur in attacks, sometimes for days at a time.
Sinus headaches are rather uncommon as they are the result of infected sinuses. The sinuses are small air cavities in the skull, found behind the nose, eyes and cheeks. When you have a cold, the small opening between the sinuses and the nose can become blocked which causes pressure to build up inside the sinuses which will then lead to a sinus headache: a dull, throbbing pain.
Unlike cluster headache or migraine, sinus headache is a secondary headache: it is caused by the blocked sinuses. Therefore it helps to use a nasal spray to treat the underlying condition, while the pain you experience can be relieved by a painkiller such as Ibuprofen or Codeine. Codeine may prove especially useful as it will also reduce the freqency of you coughing, another problem you may have as a result of having a cold.
Migraines are quite common, although women are more often affected than men. When you have a migraine, you will experience severe, throbbing pain in your head, usually on one side. People suffering from migraine may also have other symptoms, such as nausea and vomiting, or an increased sensitivity to light or sound. Some people see flashing lights that seem to act as a warning sign that a headache is coming. A painkiller like Ibuprofen can be taken at the first sign of a migraine to help reduce the pain.