Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition mostly experienced by babies or young children. However, one to three percent of adults can develop this condition as well. Eczema results in itchy and inflamed patches of the skin which are not contagious.
The cause of eczema is yet not fully understood by doctors. It is thought to be triggered by an overactive immune system that responds aggressively to the presence of irritants. Sometimes it is said to be caused by an aggressive response to proteins by the body. Symptoms of eczema are itchy, dry, rough, flaky, inflamed and irritated skin. Usually these symptoms appear on the arm, inner elbow, back of the knee or head.
How can eczema be treated?
Eczema can easily be treated with antihistamines. These products block the allergic reaction. Creams help to alleviate the itchy feeling.